Macro-What?

 

They affect many processes in our body, including:

  • ability to digest and absorb nutrients
  • hormone production
  • immune system health
  • cells’ structure and health
  • body composition
  • metabolic function

OUR MAIN THREE ARE: PROTEIN, FAT, CARBOHYDRATES

CARBOHYDRATES: 1g of carbohydrate = 4 cals

textbook definition: a group of compounds including sugars, starch and cellulose

Layman’s terms: our bodies’ preferred source of energy that is person dependent

*there is no “correct” amount of carbs that is the same for everyone

FATS: 1 gram of fat = 9 cals

textbook definition: organic molecules made up of carbon and hydrogen elements

Layman’s terms: necessary nutrient that is used in bodily functions

 6 MAJOR ROLES OF DIETARY FAT

  • provides us with energy
  • makes and balances hormones
  • forms our cell membranes
  • forms our brain and nervous system
  • helps transport fat-soluble vitamins
  • gives us fatty acids we can’t make on our own (linoleic acid & linolenic acid)

4 types: SATURATED, MONOUNSATURATED & POLYUNSATURATED, TRANS

PROTEINS: 1 gram of protein = 4 cals

textbook definition: chains of hydrogen and carbon that contain nitrogen to create amino acids. linked chains create proteins.

Layman’s terms: nutrient required to thrive and survive 

You can get protein from many different sources, but some sources will have a higher density that others.

The daily recommended amount is: 1.2-2.2g/kg of body mass

  • person weighing 150lbs – 82 to 150g/day
  • person weighing 200lbs – 108 to 200g/day